Wild Strawberry (skw’eláp)

Wild Strawberry is one of the most well known native plants to this area – prized for its tiny sweet berries that are much richer in flavour than domestic varieties. Each stalk has 3 leaflets and the berries grow on shorter stalks. It produces runners that help the plant spread into large mats.

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Description
Latin Name Fragaria virginiana
Type Herb
Description Wild Strawberry is one of the most well known native plants to this area – prized for its tiny sweet berries that are much richer in flavour than domestic varieties. Each stalk has 3 leaflets and the berries grow on shorter stalks. It produces runners that help the plant spread into large mats.
Height and Spread  Up to 10 cm tall. Up to 10 cm spread per plant, much larger including runners.
Bloom Colour White with yellow centres.
Bloom Months Early spring (March, April).
Foliage Colour Bluish green.
Seed Months Seeds with fruit in early summer – May, June, July.
Light and Water Variable, often in somewhat shaded areas though. Enjoys a moderate amount of moisture.
Ethnobotany Information Wild Strawberries have traditionally been highly valued by all interior indigenous peoples. The sweet berries were most commonly eaten fresh, but were also sometimes mashed into raw cakes to be stored for winter.
Wildlife Uses The berries are eaten by many species of wildlife.
Garden Uses Wild Strawberries are an obvious choice for an addition to any garden. While the berries are much smaller than domestic strawberry varieties, they are also much more flavourful.
Facts Wild Strawberry is the parent plant of almost all varieties of cultivated strawberries now grown.
Propagation Techniques Wild Strawberries are easiest propagated through their runners to form to plants. Seeds can also be collected from the outsides of the berries to plant.