Red-Osier Dogwood

Red-Osier Dogwood is a many stemmed deciduous shrub that grows 1-4 m tall. It is easily spotted as the young stems are generally bright red. These shrubs have sharp pointed leaves that grow opposite with prominent veins. Red-Osier Dogwood is a very attractive shrub that grows in a variety of conditions, particularly enjoying wet conditions.

Categories: ,

Description
Latin Name Cornus stolonifera
Type Shrub
Description Red-Osier Dogwood is a many stemmed deciduous shrub that grows 1-4 m tall. It is easily spotted as the young stems are generally bright red. These shrubs have sharp pointed leaves that grow opposite with prominent veins. Red-Osier Dogwood is a very attractive shrub that grows in a variety of conditions, particularly enjoying wet conditions.
Height and Spread 1 – 4 m tall 3 – 5 m wide in spread.
Bloom Colour Small white to greenish coloured flowers that grow at the end of stems.
Bloom Months Generally in early May to June.
Foliage Colour Green
Seed Months Seeds from the fruit appear in late summer, propagation is frequently done through cuttings. See propagation below.
Light and Water Able to grow in a wide variety of light conditions. Grows best in wet conditions, although can be found growing less frequently in drier zones.
Ethnobotany Information Although dogwood berries are very bitter, they have been used in combination with other berries as a food source or on their own as a mouthwash. The inner bark was also boiled and applied to poultices for swelling and to help with pain. The most common use for Red-Osier Dogwood is the branches used as fish traps, poles, or for sweat houses.
Wildlife Uses Red-Osier Dogwood is a very important browsing food for Moose in winter. It also provides bird habitat in its thick foliage and the berries are eaten by a variety of birds and insects.
Garden Uses Red-Osier Dogwood can be used ornamentally with its striking red stems, distinct leaves, and white coloured flowers and berries.
Facts Red-Osier Dogwood are one of the most important shrubs in south interior ecosystems. The word Osier derives from a french word meaning river bed, while dogwood appears to derive from dag, meaning skewer.
Propagation Techniques Red-Osier Dogwood is easily propagated through cuttings. It can also be propagated by seed, though with less success and taking much longer as seeds generally take 1-2 years to germinate.